PPSV23 Vaccine helpfull information for Children & Adults

PPSV23 Vaccine full form is Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine. This vaccine is given to Pneumococcal disease in children and adults. PPSV23 and PCV13 vaccine are normally used in the United States for Pneumococcal disease which often requires Hospitalization and Can be fetal. Like other Vaccines, this vaccine also not prevent all infection.

In this article, we only discuss the PPSV23 Vaccine.

Most Important information about PPSV23 Vaccine

PPSV23 Vaccine

PPSV must be given at least 2 weeks before the start of any treatment.

If you have any life-threating allergic reaction should not receive any booster vaccine after the first shot.

Always Follow Doctor instructions because of the vaccination timing is very important for its effectiveness.

If you have a normal fever, you can still receive this vaccine. But if you have a serious illness you wait until you are well.

You may Monitor any and all side effects you may have after receiving this vaccine.

Share detail with your doctor if the previous vaccine shot cause any side effects.

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What is the Main Purpose of Vaccination

Normally PPSV23 (Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine) is given to prevent Pneumococcal Diseases.

Pneumococcal bacteria is the main cause of Pneumococcal diseases and other types of Illness. Like infection in Lungs, Ear infection, Sinus infection, Bloodstream infection(Bacteremia), Sinus infection, Infection of the tissues covering the Spinal cord and Brain(call Meningitis).

Actually, anyone can be infected by Pneumococcal bacteria or Pneumococcal diseases. Those people are smoking a cigarette at the high risk of affected by the Pneumococcal diseases. Children under the age of 2 years and adults more than 65 years old.

Pneumococcal diseases are not serious diseases. But sometimes it can cause long term problems like Bacteremia, Hearing loss and brain damage.

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Cost of PPSV23 Vaccine

Vaccine Brand Name Cost
Pneumococcal 13 Valent(Pediatric) Prevnar-13 TM $137.01
Pneumococcal Polysaccharide 23 Valent Pneumovax 23 $56.30

PPSV23 Vaccine Recommendation

In 1977 first Polysaccharide Vaccine was licensed for Pneumococcal disease. It contains a purified capsular polysaccharide antigen. 6 years later PPSV23 Vaccine was licensed(a 23 variant polysaccharide).

PPSV23 vaccine is recommended for those who under the mention criteria.

1〉 For all adults age 65 years and more than that.

From age 2 to 64 years old who fall this condition like

2〉 If anyone smoke cigarette at the age of 19 or older.

3〉 CSF leak(cerebrospinal fluid).

4〉 Chronic nephrotic syndrome or renal failure.

5〉 Chronic Pulmonary disease.

6〉 Some chronic cardiovascular diseases like excluding Hypertension, Cardiomyopathies and congestive heart failure.

7〉 If any major organ transplantation or bone marrow transplantation.

8〉 Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoma, Immunosuppressive therapy, Hodgkin’s disease.

9〉 Any anatomic asplenia like splenectomy, Sickle cell disease.

10〉 For those who drink alcohol at the age of 6 to 64 years old age.

11〉 For those who have cirrhosis and chronic liver disease.

Those people age is 50 to 64 years old living in areas. Where increase the risk of aggressive pneumococcal disease. public health authorities suggest them to take the PPSV23 vaccine.

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Side effects of PPSV23 Vaccine

You Should consult with your doctor if you have any of these symptoms like Swelling your tongue, Lips, Face, Throat, Difficulty in breathing and hives.

You must talk with your doctor if you have serious side effects.

1〉 Easy Bleeding.

2〉 Any confusion or weakness, Dark-colored urine, Yellow or Pale Skin.

3〉 You may trouble in breathing, feeling like you are dead or slow heart rate.

4〉 Problem with Swallowing, Vision, Behavior, Bladder or Bowel infection.

5〉 Fever more than 103.

6〉 Fell like you are Ill, Itching, Joint pain, Skin Rash or Itching.

7〉 Backpain, Numbness and Spreading Upward.

Some minor side effects

Vomiting, Headache, and Nausea.

Muscle pain or joint pain.

Skin Rashes.

Redness anywhere in the body, Feeling Pain, Swelling and Tenderness.

Low fever, Feeling tired and Chills.

Information from Drug.com

Local side effects

After the vaccine, there is a 77.2% chance of Soreness, Tenderness or Pain. 34.5% chance of erythema.

1 to 10% chance of ecchymosis, Pruritus.

Cellulitis 0.1% chance in Injection site.

Side effects in the nervous system

18.1 % chance of Headache.

Febrile convulsion, Paresthesia.

Another side effect

17.9% chance of Asthenia or Fatigue.

1 to 10% chance of Fever.

The Dosage of PPSV23 

PPSV23 Vaccine

Give dose subcutaneously 0.5 ml or 1 ml. For patients, those ages are  50 or older than that. Younger patients also increase the risk of Pneumococcal disease.

Give 0.5 ml or 1 ml subcutaneously one to the children under the age of 2 years old.

Some Drug interaction with PPSV(Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine)

If you receive any medicine or vaccine you must consult with your doctor about this. Following Medicine likes

Injectable steroid medicine, Nasal or oral medicine.

If you take any medication for treatment like Azathioprine, Etanercept, Rheumatoid arthritis or Psoriasis.

You take any medication to prevent organ transplants like Tacrolimus, Mycophenolate Mofetil, Cyclosporine, Muromonab-CD3, and Basiliximab.

So here if you receive any of these drugs. You may not able to receive a PPSV23 Vaccine or you have to wait till other treatments are finished.

Some Frequently asked question about PPSV23 Vaccine

PPSV23 Vaccine

1〉 How Often Should I get PPSV23 Vaccine?

This totally depends on your age and Immunization Status. CDC recommends that the Pneumococcal vaccine should take all adults at the age of 65 years old or more than that. Older people first get a dose of PCV13  than a dose of PPSV23 at least one year later.

2〉 It is ok to get Pneumonia Shot every Year?

You will need more than one shot throughout your lifetime. According to the 2016 study PCV13 and PPSV23 provide the best protection against all Pneumonia if your age over 64 years old. Between each shot, you have to wait a year.

3〉 PPSV23 is what type of Vaccine?

PPSV23 is a pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. This vaccine protects against 23 types of bacteria. This vaccine helps to prevent aggressively infections like Bacteremia and Meningitis. Each and every year Pneumococcal disease kills thousands of adults and older people including 18000 adults and 65000 older.

4〉 What does PPSV23 stand for?

PPSV23 latest version known as PPV-23. The first pneumococcal vaccine obtains from capsular Polysaccharide.

5〉 What is the difference Between PCV13 and PPSV23?

To prevent the effects of Streptococcus Pneumonia PCV13 and PPSV23 are two leading vaccines. PCV13 is a 13 Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine and PPSV23 is a 23 valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. One other major difference between PCV13 and ppsv23 is their design.

6〉 Is a prescription required for pneumonia shot?

Yes, the prescription is required. But in most of the states allow a local pharmacist to give you a pneumonia vaccine without a prescription.

7〉 How Pneumococcal Disease Spread?

This disease can spread directly from person to person communication with respiratory secretions like Mucus or saliva. A human can carry bacteria in their throat and nose without feeling Ill.

8〉 Is Pneumococcal Vaccine necessary?

It is normally recommended for children under the age of 5 and in adults 65 years old.

9〉 How Well this PPSV23 Vaccine work?

This vaccine is 60-80% effective against Pneumococcal disease. When this vaccine is given to a person who 65 years of age or older. This vaccine shows low effectiveness in immunodeficient people. PPSV23 is not much effective than other Vaccines. It helps to reduce the risk of Pneumococcal disease.

10〉 How safe these vaccines are?

The pneumococcal vaccine is very safe. Before getting licensed they went through the test many years after they get licensed by FDA.

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11〉 How often do diabetic patients take PPSV23?

People with type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are 2 to 64 years old. Who has not to receive a dose of PPSV23. They should take their first dose. PCV13 is not recommended for those have diabetes.

12〉 PPSV23 Vaccine is recommended for a smoker?

PPSV23 is recommended for those ages is 19 to 64 who actively smoke cigarettes.

13〉 Is PPSV23 contraindicated during pregnancy?

NO. PPSV23 is recommended during pregnancy. If any other risk factors are present like lifestyle or other indication.

14〉 Should 16 years old Children also be Vaccinated for Smoking?

The answer is no. No information is currently available for those who are younger than 19 and smoke can increase the Pneumococcal disease.

15〉 Is PPSV23 IS recommended for the former smokers?

PPSV23 is currently recommended for those people age is 19 to 64 who actively smoke cigarettes.

16〉 Hiv positive people should receive a Pneumococcal vaccine?

The answer is yes. Those people are HIV positive they should receive PSV13 and PPSV23 vaccine as soon as possible.

17〉 How often an adult dialysis patients receive the Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine?

If any adult dialysis patients who have not received PCV13 or PPSV23 between the age of 19 and 64. They should first receive a dose of PCV13. After 8 weeks they take the PPSV23 dose. The second dose of PPSV23 should be given 5 years after the first dose of ppsv23. Those people age is 65 or more than 65 only one PPSV23 dose is recommended for them.

18〉 It is correct to take the PPSV23 every 5 years?

No is not mandatory. only higher-risk people who were vaccinated under the age of 65 need a second dose after 5 years. At the age of 65, all adults need to vaccinate.

19〉 How should both PCV13 and PPSV23 Vaccine administered at our high risk of Pediatric Patients?

All children at risk for Pneumococcal disease or complications should be vaccinated with PPSV23 from the age of 2. If they are eligible for the first dose of PCV13 then give it first. After 8 weeks give the PPSV23 Vaccine. For more information, you can check the official site of CDC.GOV.

 

ReadRotateq Vaccine

ReadBoostrix Vaccine

 

ReferralsCDC.GOV

Immuniza.org

 

Categories Vaccine